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Culturas Prehispanicas

Aztecas

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The Olmecas
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Mixtecas
Zapotecas
Aztecas

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The Aztecs constructed to the most powerful empire of Mesoamérica, famous by their wealth and its rituals. In less of a century, they took control of the control of a zone that extended from the gulf of Mexico, to the east, to the coast of the Pacific, to the west, and from the center of Mexico to Guatemala. In the place where it is raised today the city of Mexico raised their capital, Tenochtitlán, that at its time was one of the greater cities of the world. Their artistic language, its legend and their forms exert still their influence in the culture of the Mexico of nowadays. The founders of the Aztec Empire penetrated in the valley of Mexico at the beginning of century XIII. They served as mercenarios for other groups of the valley and founded Tenochtitlán on an island in the Texcoco lake in 1325. As its power grew, the Aztecs took control of the control of other older cities of the valley like the Texcoco, Azcapotzalco and Tlatelolco. They conquered other states in good part of the center and the south of Mexico and they imposed tributes to them. At the beginning of century XVI the Aztecs controlled an enormous empire with five or six million inhabitants. Tenochtitlán, the center of the empire, was an enormous city of temples, palaces and markets. In its apogee, Tenochtitlán got to have about 200,000 inhabitants. The first Aztec king descended from the real lineage of the toltecas, reason why the Aztec civilization developed to many characteristics of the tradition tolteca. The Aztec society extremely militarista era, with a political system very centralized that was deeply overlapping with the religion. Although the human sacrifices had practiced during all the history of Mesoamérica, the Aztecs elevated them until the center of their political and religious rituals. The Aztecs produced remarkable works of art, that they included paintings stone murals and sculptures.

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