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Culturas Prehispanicas

Mixtecas

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Otomanque, inhabitant of the present Mexican states of Oaxaca, Guerrero and Puebla are an amerindian town of the linguistic family. The culture mixteca bloomed in the south of Mexico from century IX to principles of the XVI and their members were the most famous craftsmen of Mexico. Their metal and stone works different never were surpassed. Between their specialties the mosaics of pens could be mentioned, the pottery polícroma decorated and the weave and embroidering of fabrics. The most important contributions of the mixtecos are: the pictográficos registries in codices done on deer skin of military and social history that narrate aspects of the religious thought, the historical facts and the genealogical registries of their culture; orfebrería, whose pectoral, narigueras samples like, ring or earrings, demonstrate that they handled with masters gold worked with the technique of the lost wax, as well as the working of the alabaster, jade, the turquesa and obsidian, among others. The most remarkable pieces that they are known come from interments Albán the Mount, discovered by the archaeologist Alfonso Case, and that they are exhibited in the Regional Museum of Oaxaca. Other mixtecos legacies are: an analogous calendar to used by the Aztecs and the their agricultural techniques. Between centuries XI and XII of our time, the mixtecos adopted an influence tolteca whose civilizadora characteristic motivated to look for them establishments more stable than those than had had; they were dedicated to dominate to the zapotecas by means of invasions of his earth, political wars and alliances by marriages. That way they seized, for example, of Albán Mount, that had been left by the zapotecas and the mixtecos turned necrópolis, enriching its funeral monuments remarkably. As much in that city, as in Mitla, they contributed geometric lambda-type evolved architectonic concepts like of stones assembled that adorn the palaces. Other cities zapotecas of which seized the mixtecos are Zaachila and Yagul, also in the state of Oaxaca, with which the set of the impressive legacy of these cultures is complemented. The mixtecos influenced in the declivity of the Mayan civilization in the south, and remained independent of the Aztecs in the north. It is possible that the population present mixteca goes up to around means million people, distributed in 3 main regions: the High Mixteca (in the zones you cold of the mountain range Mother of the South), the Low Mixteca (following the course of the Atoyac river) and the coast (states of Oaxaca and Guerrero)

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