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Culturas Prehispanicas

Zapotecas

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The Zapoteca culture is a native town of the south of Mexico, and that also lives mainly in the south of Oaxaca and the isthmus of Tehuantepec. Of the present time the family of her languages consists in more than 15 languages than they are in disuse danger. At the pre-Columbian time, the zapotecas were one of the more important mesoaméricanas civilizations. Little it is known on the origin of the zapotecas. Unlike most of the natives of Mesoamérica, they did not have any tradition or legend on their migration, but that they thought that they were born directly of rocks, trees, and of jaguars Archaeological evidence indicates that its culture has been dating for 2500 years back. Approximately between centuries XV and IV adC, took place the first important urban development of the culture zapoteca, with center in San jOse Wooded hill. Towards year 800 a.C., during the Preclásico horizon, the zapotecos settled down in central valleys of the present state of Oaxaca. Thus, while Teotihuacan bloomed in the center of Mexico and the Mayan cities in the Southeastern, Albán Mount, constructed ceremonial center at the top of a hill, was the most important city of the region oaxaqueña. The first zapotecas were sedentary, lived in agricultural establishments, that adored a pantheon of Gods headed by the God of the rain, Cocijo - represented by a symbol of the fertility that combined the symbols of the earth-jaguar and the sky-serpent, symbols common in the mesoamericanas cultures. A hierarchy of priests regulated the religious rites, that sometimes included human sacrifices. The zapotecas adored their ancestors and, believing in a paradisíaco world, they developed the cult to deads. They had a great religious center in Mitla and a magnificent city Albán Mount, where she highly prospered a developed civilization, possibly for more than 2000 years. In the art, the architecture, the writing (hieroglyphic), the mathematics, and the astrology (calendars), the zapotecas seem to have had cultural affinities with olmecas, old the Mayans, and more ahead with the Toltecas

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