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Culturas Prehispanicas

The Olmecas

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The Olmecas
Teotihuacan
Mayas
Toltecas
Mixtecas
Zapotecas
Aztecas

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Olmecas



The civilization olmeca had its beginning towards the 1,500 a.C. The students traditionally considered to olmeca like the "culture mother", or first great civilization of Mesoamérica. The art, the religion and other profits olmecas had a great influence on other cultures that were developed later in an ample zone of Mesoamérica. Olmecas lived in the tropical low earth that bordered the coast of the gulf of Mexico, in which they are now the states of Veracruz-Llave and Tabasco. The caudillos olmecas controlled some of the richer agricultural territories of Mesoamérica, that could provide food for a great contingent of population. Olmecas constructed in the jungle great cities in which political and religious ceremonies were celebrated. In these centers, like San Lorenzo, Sale or Three Zapotes, olmecas raised some of first pyramids of America, as well as gigantic stony sculptures. Between the most remarkable monuments are the enormous heads carved in basalt, with a weight of 25 tons or more, than they represent the governors olmecas. Also they carved stone thrones in which they recorded the genealogy of the caudillos. Elites olmecas was related commercially social and to other towns of all Mesoamérica, some of as distant places as central Mexico, Oaxaca and Guatemala. These connections demonstrate in the reasons characteristically olmecas that they have been in the ceramics and the lapidarios engravings of many different regions. Olmecas, like other societies of this period, developed a calendar, a system of astronomical measurement and a rudimento of writing. These advances were used later by later mesoamericanas civilizations, like the one of Mayan and the zapotecas, like departure point for falsified developments more. Many religious concepts and mesoamericanos ideologies of government also go back to olmecas and other contemporary societies

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